Processes in media, the local properties of which are subject to sharp
small scale changes in the space (locally inhomogeneous media) are of great
interest in various fields of science and technology, e.g. in the filtration theory,
radiophysics, rheology, theory of composite media, etc. Such processes can be
described by partial differential equations with rapidly oscillating (in the space
variables) coefficients or by boundary value problems in domains with complex
microstructure (strongly perforated domains). Because of their complexity
these problems cannot be solved by either analytic or numeric methods. But
it is remarkable that in many practically important cases, the microscale of
the structure is much smaller then the characteristic scale of the process to
be studied. Then this process admits a homogenized description in terms
of homogenized parameters and equations: coeffcients of these equations are
functions smoothly varying in simple domains. These equations can be solved
by relatively simple standard methods, numeric or analytic ones, and the
coefficients of the homogenized equations are effective rheological parameters
of the relative medium.
In the present monograph the asymptotic methods for constructing
homogenized models of physical processes in micro-inhomogeneous media (i.e.
for obtaining homogenized differential equations and boundary conditions) has
been developing. The emphasis is made on the construction of non-standard
models for media characterized by several small scale parameters (multiscale
models). Rigorous asymptotic analysis (as the small parameters approach zero)
shows that such models can be non-local, multicomponent, and even models
with memory, depending on the topology of the microstructure. Along with
complete proofs of the main results the monograph contains examples of typical
structures of micro-inhomogeneous structures and corresponding homogenized
The monograph is written primarily for mathematicians: researchers, PhD
students and post-doctorants. It will be of use also for physicists, mechanicians,
and applied scientists and engineers interesting in problems of rheology and
propagation of waves of various nature in micro-inhomogeneous media.
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